We are continuing with an interesting and useful topic: „All about safe mooring“. Although this was the (sub)topic of many articles in our magazine, we have decided to dedicate space to it again through a series of targeted and resourceful articles, entrusting the helm to navalengineer and famous seadog Jack Šurija

Jack Šurija, BSc in Engineering: boat and yacht insurance expert, court expert witness for vessels, expert nautical advisor, skipper, EOQ auditor and quality manager


In the previous issues, we said that the knowledge and skills in choosing the location and type of berths, and the process of mooring a ship, belong to the practical nautical knowledge, that is, to good maritime practice. We described how to securely moor to a buoy and your own anchor, we also mentioned that choosing the location(s) of the berth starts at home – by making an itinerary, and that we have to check the itinerary throughout the voyage, primarily in relation to the weather forecast. This check includes the skipper’s observation of the current weather situation, but also the advice obtained from local fishermen. So far we have, therefore, talked about the elements of safe mooring when your boat is underway, and in this issue we will describe the permanent berth on which the ship is while at rest in the sea.


It is not our intention to explain the conservation of a boat, nor the autumn and spring maintenance, but only to explain how to prepare a boat from a safety point of view for a longer stay at berth in the sea.

Our description of a safe berth for a boat at rest will begin with a list of actions that are performed on its outer part. First of all, turn the stern towards the shore and place it in such a way that your mast cannot hit the one next to it. Tie it so that there are two moorings on the bow, and at least two lines tied to the shore at the aft, as well as two aft spring lines, which prevent the motion of the stern to the left or right. It is correct to place the whole turn around the ring and then the pasture, because in that way the line does not slide on the bad ring, so that there is no danger of it being torn. Under no circumstances should you tie a rope to a slip! In addition, inspect the mooring of the neighboring boat and if something is not right, tie it properly, in person or with the help of a sailor from the marina, so as to prevent it from damaging your boat.

As for the sails, they need to be removed and placed in a dry place, inside the boat or in a storage area. However, if you leave the sails on the mast, make sure to secure them with ropes to prevent them from unfolding in strong winds. This applies in particular to the front folding sail. If you remove the main folding sail, then raise the rotating head to which its top is attached to half the height of the mast so that the profiles around which the sail is folded do not hit it. Also, it is very important to inspect the backstay, the cable from the top of the mast to the stern, and loosen it if necessary.

When it comes to fenders, they should be placed so as to be correctly and alternately distributed in relation to the neighboring vessel, as well as to be at different heights. In this way, any damage that might occur due to strong winds and rolling boats is prevented. I would also mention the baiboat that is removed from the stern and fixed to the deck, while the sprayhood usually stays open all year round. As for bimini, it is recommended to remove it during the winter.

When it comes to the interior of the boat, I will not devote time to cleaning and tidying up because its safety at berth does not depend on it at all. However, I would like to remind you to leave the refrigerator door open after you have thoroughly washed and dried it, so that mold does not form inside it. Furthermore, water tanks must be either full (recommended condition) or completely empty. This also applies to the fuel tank, which should remain full, as this reduces water condensation.

Be sure to disconnect the main switches of the electrical power installation. However, the installation of the bilge pump should be installed outside the main switch, so that, if necessary, water can be pumped out from the inside. I especially emphasize that in no case should the 220 V power cable be connected when you are not on board. Disconnect the gas tank from the stove and leave it in a dry place. After you have cleaned, tidied and arranged everything, install a winter awning, if you have one. Finally, make sure to call the marina reception and let them know that you are leaving the boat for a long time, and that it is now their concern. Of course, you must not forget to leave the keys as well as your phone number.

(to be continued)

Contact: Premium Yacht Insurance

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